Anti-War?

Manchester has a long association with anti-war causes.  Local Quaker MP John Bright condemned the Crimean War (1853-56) while the Manchester Guardian offered steadfast opposition to the Boer War (1899-1902). The Guardian’s stance attracted both heartfelt praise and bitter condemnation.  
  
Yet little over a decade later, the Guardian broke ranks with the pacifists. Emily Hobhouse, a former Boer War correspondent, and the former Labour Party leader, Keir Hardie, were surprised to find that CP Scott supported the First World War (1914-18) and viewed opposition futile. 

Letter praising the newspaper for its opposition to the Boer War.

Letter from AWC to the editor of the Manchester Guardian

Liverpool, 23 Mar 1900

Some readers were supportive of the paper’s stance on the Boer War. The semi-anonymous AWC praises the Manchester Guardian for having ‘real grit’ in opposing the war concluding that ‘truth is a higher thing than personal profit.’ 

Ref. GDN/324/7/42

First side of letter to the editor condemning its opposition to the Boer war.

Letter from J Huxley to the editor of the Manchester Guardian

Oswestry, 28 October 1899 
 
Many readers cancelled their subscriptions in response to the Manchester Guardian’s ‘unpatriotic’ stance over the Boer War. This angry reader laments the editor’s ‘invincible prejudice against [his] own country in favour of the Boers.’
 
Ref. GDN/324/7/8    

First side of letter to [Emily] Hobhouse from CP Scott regarding the first world war.

Letter from CP Scott to Emily Hobhouse

Manchester, 19 Dec 1914

Scott explains that he sees no tension in supporting the First World War as it ‘stands on a wholly different footing’ to the Boer War. The Guardian’s support for the First World War was in tune with public opinion.   

Ref.  GDN/333/162