Under the editorship of CP Scott, the Manchester Guardian established itself as a moral voice condemning unjust war, supporting victims of conflict and championing global humanitarian causes. It was the only major newspaper to challenge the imperial ambitions of the British government in southern Africa during the Boer War (1899-1902).
Despite the government’s policy of non-intervention, the Guardian committed itself to reporting the plight of civilians during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Unusually for the time, female correspondents submitted first-hand reports on the desperate situation of women and children in both South Africa and Spain. Emily Hobhouse and Nancy Cunard took personal risk reporting from war zones.