The Haggadah was used at the Seder, the festive meal on Passover eve. There has been a long tradition of illustrating Haggadah manuscripts going back to the late 13th century. The illustrations provide a visual commentary on the text, perhaps prompting participants of the Seder to talk about the story of Exodus.
This 15th-century manuscript is from the Northern European tradition known as ‘Ashkenazi’. The compositions remind us of Christian iconography but reinterpreted in the Jewish context. Some of the scenes pictured are repeated in other Haggadot, but others are unique.